semiootika osakond


Series editors: Peeter Torop, Kalevi Kull, Silvi Salupere

Published by Tartu University Press
ISSN 1406-4278

Tartu Semiotics Library is an international book series on semiotics that includes monographs, handbooks, dictionaries, textbooks and collections of articles in the field of semiotics. The series was established in 1998, by Peeter Torop, Mihhail Lotman, and Kalevi Kull.

Address of the editorial office:
      Department of Semiotics, University of Tartu
      Tiigi St. 78
      Tartu 50410
      Estonia

      e-mail: silvi.salupere@ut.ee

volume 1, 1998 – V. V. Ivanov, J. M. Lotman, A. M. Pjatigorski, V. N. Toporov, B. A. Uspenskij — Theses on the Semiotic Study of Cultures.

volume 2, 1999 – J. Levchenko (ed.) — Conceptual Dictionary of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School.

volume 3, 2002 – C. Emmeche, K. Kull, F. Stjernfelt — Reading Hoffmeyer, Rethinking Biology.

volume 4, 2005 – J. Deely — Basics of Semiotics. 4th ed.

volume 5, 2006 – M. Grishakova — The Models of Space, Time and Vision in V. Nabokov's Fiction: Narrative Strategies and Cultural Frames.

volume 6, 2007 – P. Lepik — Universaalidest Juri Lotmani semiootika kontekstis.

volume 7, 2008 – P. Lepik — Universals in the Context of Juri Lotman's Semiotics.

volume 8, 2008 – C. N. El-Hani, J. Queiroz, C. Emmeche — Genes, Information, and Semiosis.

volume 9, 2010 – A. Randviir — Ruumisemiootika: tähendusliku maailma kaardistamine - Semiotics of space: mapping the meaningful world

volume 10, 2012 – D. Favareau, P. Cobley, K. Kull (eds.) — More Developed Sign: Interpreting the Work of Jesper Hoffmeyer

volume 11, 2012 – S. Rattasepp, T. Bennett (eds.) — Gatherings in Biosemiotics

volume 12, 2013 – floyd merrell — Meaning making: it's what we do; it's who we are

volume 13, 2013 – S. Salupere, P. Torop, K. Kull (eds.) — Beginnings of the semiotics of culture


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 1

V. V. Ivanov, J. M. Lotman, A. M. Pjatigorski, V. N. Toporov, B. A. Uspenskij
Theses on the Semiotic Study of Cultures.

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 1998
ISSN 1406-4278
88 p.

A reprinting of the classic paper of 1973 that established a new branch of science - semiotics of culture.


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 2

Jan Levchenko
Conceptual Dictionary of the Tartu-Moscow Semiotic School

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 1999
ISSN 1406-4278

408 p.

Language: Russian

Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 3

Claus Emmeche, Kalevi Kull, Frederik Stjernfelt
Reading Hoffmeyer, Rethinking Biology

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2002
ISBN 9985-56-632-7
ISSN 1406-4278

79 p.

Table of contents

Introduction: Entereing a semiotic landscape (7)
A biosemiotic building: 13 theses (13)
A brief biosemiotic glossary (25)
Proprioception [by J. Hoffmeyer] (31)
On biography (35)
Invisible worlds (45)
Publications by Jesper Hoffmeyer (61)
References (73)
Name index (77).


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 4

John Deely
Basics of Semiotics

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2005
ISSN 1406-4278
ISBN 9949-11-086-68

562 p. [= xxxiii+xxviii+2x233+35 p].

Compared to its previous English edition (1990), the present version has been expanded and revised. It has almost doubled in volume - the chapters from eight to eleven are new, and the first, but especially the third and fourth chapters contain important additions. The book is supplied by a preface by K.Kull, S.Salupere and P.Torop. The text is bilingual - English and Estonian (translated by Kati Lindström).


Contents

K.Kull, S.Salupere, P.Torop - Semiotics has no beginning
Ch. 1. LITERARY SEMIOTICS AND THE DOCTRINE OF SIGNS
Ch. 2. SEMIOTICS: METHOD OR POINT OF VIEW?
Ch. 3. SEMIOSIS: THE SUBJECT MATTER OF SEMIOTIC INQUIRY
Ch. 4. SIGNS. THE MEDIUM OF SEMIOSIS
Ch. 5. ZOÖSEMIOTICS AND ANTHROPOSEMIOTICS
Ch. 6. PHYSIOSEMIOSIS AND PHYTOSEMIOSIS
Ch. 7. RETROSPECT: HISTORY AND THEORY IN SEMIOTICS
Ch. 8. PROSPECT: A NEW BEGINNING FOR THE SCIENCES
Ch. 9. THE QUASI-ERROR OF THE EXTERNAL WORLD
Ch. 10. HOW SEMIOTICS UNIFIES HUMAN KNOWLEDGE
Ch. 11. THE DEFINITION OF HUMAN BEING
REFERENCES

INDEX



Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 5

Marina Grishakova
The Models of Space, Time and Vision in V. Nabokov's Fiction: Narrative Strategies and Cultural Frames

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2006
ISSN 1406-4278
ISBN-10 9949-11-306-7

ISBN-13978- 9949-11-306-4

324 p. [= 286+38 p].

Tartu semiotics, as adapted and updated by Marina Grishakova, proves to be a compatible match with Nabokov’s unique „semiotic sensibility”.
Brian McHale, The Ohio State University (USA)


This book is essential reading not only for Nabokov specialists, but also for anyone interested in cultural semiotics, narratology, and the processes by which emerging cultural forms become transformed into individual artistic meanings.
Stephen H. Blackwell, University of Tennessee (USA)


In order to analyze the cognitive models constructed in fiction and cinema, the book thoughtfully and confidently combines ideas of Russian Formalism and the Tartu-school literary theory with those of French and Anglophone classical and postclassical narratology.
Leona Toker, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem


Contents

Acknowledgements 9
Introduction 11
Models and metaphors 19
Possible worlds and modeling systems 28
Time, space, and point of view as constitutive elements of the textual world 40
Nabokov as a writer and a scientist: "natural" and "artificial" patterns 51
I. The Models of Time 72
The specious present: time as a "hollow" 76
The spiral or the circle: Mary 80
1. Involution and metamorphosis 96
2. The triple dream 99
3. Nietzsche's circle of the eternal return 101
4. Time and double vision in Proust and Nabokov 105
5. Bergson's spiral of memory 108
Tempus reversus 112
Time and eternity: aevum 127
II. The Model of the Observer 134
The observer and the point of view 141
Vision and word: the seat of a semiotic conflict 156
1. H. James: The Turn of the Screw 163
2. V. Nabokov: The Eye 169
3. A. Hitchcock: Rear Window 173
Frame, motion and the observer 177
III. The Models of Vision 187
Automatism and disturbed vision 187
Inhibition and artistic failure 198
Camera obscura 204
Nabokov's visual devices 209
IV. The Doubles and Mirrors 219
V. Multidimensional Worlds 231
The outside and the inside 231
Bend Sinister as a multilayer dream 250
The worlds of seduction: Lolita 273
Conclusion 282
Bibliography 287
Index.



Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 6

Peet Lepik
Universaalidest Juri Lotmani semiootika kontekstis.
Lisa: Juri Lotman. Isiksuse ja ühiskonna semiootika (kolm loengut)

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2007
ISSN 1406-4278
ISBN 978-9949-11-787-1

246 p.

Available in: Tartu University Bookshop; Apollo, and Rahva Raamat

Sisukord

Eessõna 11
Sissejuhatus 14
  1. Universaalid Juri Lotmani maagiakäsituses 18
      1.1. Universaalide interpreteerimise lähtekohad 18
      1.2. Kaks vastanduvat interpretatsiooni 25
  2. Mütoloogilise ja maagilise semioosi spetsiifika 33
      2.1. Põhiterminid 33
      2.2. Mütoloogiline semioos 42
      2.3. Maagiline semioos 45
            2.3.1. Maagia epistemoloogiline staatus 45
            2.3.2. Maagiline protseduur 46
            2.3.3. Agens kui mütoloogiline struktuur 47
            2.3.4. Agens kui maagiline struktuur 49
                  2.3.4.1. Maagi fenomen 49
                  2.3.4.2. Maagilise efekti probleem 49
  3. Antitees kultuuris ja märgiloomes 53
      3.1. Vaatepunkti määratlemine 53
      3.2. Semioos kujundab kultuuritüübi 57
            3.2.1. Semioosi antiteetiline dominant 59
                  3.2.1.1. Antiteetilise kultuuriruumi komplementaarsus 62
                  3.2.1.2. Sümmeetriaprintsiip 65
                  3.2.1.3. Sümmeetriline reduktsioon 69
                  3.2.1.4. Peegelprojektsioon 71
                  3.2.1.5. Enantiomorfne sümmeetria 74
            3.2.2. Kultuuri autokommunikatsioon: antiteetiline eneserefleksioon 76
                  3.2.2.1. Antitees autokommunikatsiooni teisese koodina 78
  4. Maagia unikaalsus ja universaalsus kultuuris 81
      4.1. Vaatepunkt ja ülesanded 81
      4.2. Maagia paradoksaalsus kultuuris 81
      4.3. Maagia väljaspool 'folkloori' (Valik kriitilisi sissevaateid.) 86
            4.3.1. 'Maagilise' käitumise tunnused lapse ontogeneesis 87
            4.3.2. Maagia argise spontaanse käitumispraktikana 88
            4.3.3. Maagia sidumine loomuliku keele tunnustega 90
                  4.3.3.1. Maagilise funktsiooni määratlemine keelelise suhtlemisakti terminites 90
                  4.3.3.2. Verbaalse representatsiooni maagilisus 94
                  4.3.3.3. Keelelise substantsi maagilisus 96
            4.3.4. Maagia kultuurisemiootiline tõlgendamine: Juri Lotmani lähtekohad 100
                  4.3.4.1. Struktuur-tüpoloogiline vaatepunkt 100
                  4.3.4.2. Fenomenoloogiline vaatepunkt 108
                  4.3.4.2.1. Edmund Husserli fenomenoloogia korrelaadid 108
                  4.3.4.3. Intellekti reproduktiivse kommunikatsiooni universaalsus ja unikaalsus (maagilisuse näitel) 120
      4.4. Kokkuvõtvalt maagiakäsitusest J. Lotmani 'Loengutes' 126
  5. Intellekti reproduktiivsuse universaalsetest vormidest Juri Lotmani semiootika valguses 130
      5.1. Reproduktiivsuse terminoloogiline liigendamine 131
      5.2. Konstitutiivne reproduktiivsus 132
            5.2.1. Vertikaalse isomorfismi fenomen 133
            5.2.2. Aleksandr Pjatigorski vaatepunkti fenomenoloogiline kriitika 136
                  5.2.2.1. Uurimismeetodi ontologiseerimisest 137
                  5.2.2.2. Uurimisobjekti naturaliseerimisest 143
                  5.2.2.3. Semiootika muutumisest 'peaaegu filosoofiaks' 147
      5.3. Intellekti reproduktiivsuse analüütilised ja generatiivsed vormid 149
            5.3.1. Reproduktiivse käitumise analüütilisus 150
                  5.3.1.1. Rituaal ja ritualiseeriv reproduktiivsus 152
                  5.3.1.2. Rituaalse kommunikatsiooni reproduktiivsus 158
            5.3.2. Rituaali universaalsed generatiivsed funktsioonid 163
                  5.3.2.1. Rituaal ja koodtekst 177
                  5.3.2.2. Koodsignaali mõiste ja struktuur 183
                  5.3.2.3. Koodtekst ja koodsignaal 193
Kokkuvõte 198
Lisa: Juri Lotman. Isiksuse ja ühiskonna semiootika 204
Kirjandus 222
Indeks 243


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 7

Peet Lepik
Universals in the Context of Juri Lotman's Semiotics

Tartu: Tartu University Press, 2008
ISSN 1406-4278
ISBN-10 9949-11-306-7

ISBN-13978- 9949-11-306-4

Available in Krisostomus.

Abstract

The peculiarities of the storing and mediating information can be characterized using the parameters of reflection capacity, its specifics and development (human and social psychology, and education theory), via the transmission and feedback mechanisms of information (informatics), using the terms for guiding, influencing and manipulating society (management theory, political science, advertising), in an historic-cultural manner, etc. In this monograph, the author examines the storing and mediating mechanisms of information as intellect-based, sign-creating algorithms - i.e. formal entities, which can be interpreted as universals.

In implementing the criteria of Porphyrios's eternally durable classification, it could be claimed that the author, together with Juri Lotman, treat universals in the spirit of conceptualism. In other words it means that a Person in this conception is an object to whom a collection of formal characteristics is attributed that is common to all single individuals, which expresses the understanding of any person whatsoever. A Person is identical to this collection.

And so this book concentrates on describing the universal characteristics of the intellect, as the apriority mechanism that stores, organizes and transmits information. Of these characteristics, five universal algorithms (communicative functions) of the intellect, which are textually realized as mythological, magical, religious, antithetic and metaphorical code-signals, are examined more closely.

The constructive components of the concept of code signal are (1) the phenomenological concept of the intellect; (2) the category of code-text; (3) the category of ritual, and (4) treating text as a signal. Observing intellect and text on the same level proceeds from Lotman's postulate according to which intellect, text and culture are 'vertically isomorphic' on the basis of four characteristics, which are the linguistic heterogeneity of all three, the existence of memory, the capacity for the self-reproduction of meanings, and the functioning of a selection block that regulates communication.

Mythological, magical, and other relevant code signals are speech phenomena, and therefore it is not magic, religion, etc that are analyzed in this book but magicality, religiosity, metaphoricality, etc as the base structures of semiosis and communication. They are base structures due to their prominent role in the reproductive processes of the intellect.

All five intellectual algorithms, as code signals, are a sign-creating system, where ritual and rituality are the ancient textual equivalents. All code signals, as becomes apparent, are explicitly exhibited in ritual, and form a system of communicative functions. It is most important here to note that it was delving into the structure of ritual in particular that permitted the author to answer the question: what guarantees the durability of code signals as the constructive elements of culture and (in a narrower sense), of representation and communication.

The author's conception was initially inspired by Juri Lotman?s three lectures, which have been published for the first time as an appendix to this book.

Keywords: cultural semiotics, Lotman, intellect, algorithms of intellect, semiotic universals, reproductive communication, code signal, magicality, mythologicality, religiousness, antitheticity, metaphoricality, rituality.

Contents

Foreword 11
Introduction 14
  1. Universals in connection with the interpretation of magic in Juri Lotman's semiotics 18
    1.1. Points of departure for the interpretation of universals 18
    1.2. Two opposing interpretations 26
  2. Specifics of mythological and magical semiosis 35
    2.1. Basic terms 35
    2.2. Mythological semiosis 45
    2.3. Magical semiosis 48
      2.3.1. The epistemological status of magic 48
      2.3.2. Magical procedure 49
      2.3.3. Agens as a mythological structure 51
      2.3.4. Agens as a magical structure 53
        2.3.4.1. Phenomenon of the magician 54
         2.3.4.2. Problem of magical effect 54
  3. Antithesis in culture and sign-creation 57
    3.1. Determining of the viewpoint 57
    3.2. Semiosis forms the culture type 61
      3.2.1. The antithetic dominant of semiosis 63
        3.2.1.1. Complementarity of the antithetic cultural space 67
        3.2.1.2. Principle of symmetry 70
        3.2.1.3. Symmetrical reduction 74
        3.2.1.4. Mirror projection 77
        3.2.1.5. Enantiomorphic symmetry 79
      3.2.2. Autocommunication of culture: antithetic self-reflection 83
        3.2.2.1. Antithesis as a secondary code of autocommunication 84
  4. The uniqueness and universality of magic in culture 87
    4.1. Viewpoint and tasks 87
    4.2. Paradox of magic in culture 87
    4.3. Magic outside 'folklore' (Selection of critical glances) 93
      4.3.1. Characteristics of 'magical' behaviour in a child?s ontogeny 94
      4.3.2. Magic as everyday spontaneous behavioural practice 95
      4.3.3. Connecting magic with the characteristics of natural language 97
        4.3.3.1. Defining magical function using terms from the act of linguistic communication 97
        4.3.3.2. Magicality of verbal representation 101
        4.3.3.3. Magicality of the substance of language 104
      4.3.4. Cultural-semiotic interpretation of magic: Juri Lotman?s points of departure 108
        4.3.4.1. Structure-typological point of view 100
        4.3.4.2. Phenomenological viewpoint 117
          4.3.4.2.1. Phenomenological correlates of Edmund Husserl 117
          4.3.4.2.2. Universality and uniqueness of the reproductive communication of the intellect (using magicality as an example) 129
    4.4. In conclusion on the analysis of magic in the 'Lectures' 136
  5. Universal forms of the reproductivity of intellect 140
    5.1. Terminological classification of reproductivity 140
    5.2. Constitutive reproductivity 142
      5.2.1. Phenomenon of vertical isomorphism 143
      5.2.2. The phenomenological criticism of Aleksandr Pyatigorski's viewpoint 146
        5.2.2.1. 'Ontologization' of the research method 148
        5.2.2.2. 'Naturalizing' the object of analysis 154
        5.2.2.3. Semiotics changing into 'almost philosophy' 159
    5.3. The analytical and generative forms of the reproductivity of the intellect 161
      5.3.1. The analyticality of reproductive behaviour 161
        5.3.1.1. Ritual and ritualizing reproductivity 163
        5.3.1.2. Reproductivity of ritual communication 170
      5.3.2. The universal, generative functions of ritual 176
        5.3.2.1. Ritual and code text 191
        5.3.2.2. The concept and structure of code signal 197
        5.3.2.3. Code text and code signal 208
Summary 213
Appendix: Juri Lotman. Semiotics of personality and society 219
References 239
Index 260



Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 8

Charbel Niño El-Hani, João Queiroz, Claus Emmeche
Genes, Information, and Semiosis

Abstract

By the 1950s, when biologists who studied genes had not yet perceived them as informational structures, information theory was an engineering tool for designing telecommunication channels with no place for a concept of signification, and semiotics dealt exclusively with cultural symbol systems, not investigating the basic forms of semiosis, or sign action in living nature. Today – after progress in molecular biology, biological theory and a naturalist and universalist turn in general semiotics – researchers are beginning to realize that genes, information and semiosis can no longer be understood in isolation.

This insight derives in part from a new crossdisciplinary field: Biosemiotics is a growing field that investigates semiotic processes in the living realm, addressing meaning, signification, communication, and habit formation in living systems, as well as the physicochemical conditions for sign action and interpretation. Areas such as molecular biology, cognitive ethology, cognitive science, robotics, and neurobiology deal with information processes at various levels and, thus, provide knowledge about biosemiosis, or sign action in living systems. Contemporary biosemiotics is working to integrate these findings, so as to build a richer foundation for biology.

This essay contributes to clarify the “information talk” in genetics, molecular and systems biology by building a specific conceptual model of basic life processes at the molecular level, such as protein synthesis. This model is consistent with the best scientific understanding and yet non-reductionist, integrating notions of signs, molecules, and natural interpretation in the tradition of the general semiotics, or the sign theory of Charles Sanders Peirce. It offers a new solution to how to understand and define “gene” in biology, and it develops a profound proposal for another concept of information that does not reduce information to digital bits of computation, but sees it as closely related to natural forms and processes, as the ones known from living organisms.

Readers not familiar with molecular biology or semiotics are provided with brief introductions to basic concepts. Semiotic scholars and life scientists will be shaken in their basic beliefs in the anthropic nature of signs and the substantial nature of genes. No scientific revolutions are offered, simply a set of deeper insights into an exciting, new interdisciplinary perspective upon life and signs.


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 9

Anti Randviir
Ruumisemiootika: tähendusliku maailma kaardistamine
Semiotics of space : mapping the meaningful world

Format: Paperpack, 356 pages, ill.,
Pub. Year: 2010
Publisher: Tartu University Press
ISBN-10: 9949193982
ISBN-13: 9789949193981

Available in Krisostomus


Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 10

Donald Favareau, Paul Cobley, Kalevi Kull
More Developed Sign: Interpreting the Work of Jesper Hoffmeyer

Format: Paperback / softback, 336 pages
Collection: Tartu Semiotics Library
Pub. Date: 2012
Publisher: Tartu University Press
ISBN-10: 994919945X
ISBN-13: 9789949199457


Abstract

For more than 40 years, Jesper Hoffmeyer has been committed to the idea of developing “a semiotics of nature, or biosemiotics as he chose to call this effort, that could intelligibly explain how all the phenomena of inherent meaning and signification in living nature – from the lowest level of sign processes in unicellular organisms to the cognitive and social behavior of animals – can emerge from a universe that was not so organized and meaningful from the very beginning” (Emmeche et al. 2002: 41).

In this volume, over 80 world-class scholars from more than 20 countries select a short quotation taken from any of Jesper Hoffmeyer’s texts and provide their scholarly commentary upon that passage – whether in the form of an analytical explication, a critical disagreement or a conceptual extension – that as they feel asks the questions that need to be asked, proposes the ideas that need to be proposed, or that draws out the implications that need to be so explicitly drawn out, germane to the claims of the selected passage.

At once a celebration and a serious academic development of the work of Jesper Hoffmeyer, this landmark volume marks the occasion of his 70th birthday on February 21, 2012.


Available in Krisostomus


tsl11
Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 11

Silver Rattasepp, Tyler Bennett (editors)
Gatherings in Biosemiotics

Format: Paperback / softback
Collection: Tartu Semiotics Library
Pub. Date: 2012
Publisher: Tartu University Press


Contents

Preface . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  5
I. Approaches to biosemiotics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
  Advancements in biosemiotics: Where we are now in discovering
the basic mechanisms of meaning-making. Kalevi Kull . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
  On the importance of semiotics for biology. Terrence W. Deacon . . .  25
  Biosemiotics needs to engage other scientists. Howard H. Pattee . . . 27
  From physics to semiotics. Stuart Kauffman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
  Birthing prepositional logics. Myrdene Anderson . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  47
II. History of the Gatherings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
  A short history of Gatherings in Biosemiotics. Jesper Hoffmeyer . . . . 55
  A letter from March 15, 2001. Thomas A. Sebeok . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  61
  Twelve years with the Gatherings in Biosemiotics. Don Favareau . . . . 64
Programmes of the Gatherings in Biosemiotics 1–12
  1 Copenhagen – Claus Emmeche . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  74
  2 Tartu – Kalevi Kull . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78
  3 Copenhagen – Claus Emmeche . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  82
  4 Prague – Anton Markoš . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88
  5 Urbino – Almo Farina . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92
  6 Salzburg - Günther Witzany . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96
  7 Groningen – Barend van Heusden . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101
  8 Syros – Argyris Arnellos . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105
  9 Prague – Anton Markoš . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  109
  10 Braga – João Carlos Major . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  111
  11 New York – Victoria N. Alexander . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117
  12 Tartu – Kalevi Kull, Timo Maran, Silver Rattasepp . . . . . . . . . . . .  121
III. Abstracts for the 12th Gatherings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
  Pre-seminar I . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 129
  Pre-seminar II . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  142
  Main programme . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 145
Name index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 235
 
tsl12
Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 12
 
floyd merrell
Meaning making: it's what we do; it's who we are

Format: Paperback / softback
Collection: Tartu Semiotics Library
Pub. Date: 2013
Publisher: Tartu University Press


Meaning Making: It's what we do; it's who we are is a book about fundamental questions of contemporary semiotics, however written in the style accessible to a wide range of readers.
Meaning Making sheds light on the following assumptions, largely following C. S. Peirce: (1) pre-linguistic sign modes of feeling, sensing and experiencing entail consciousnessbecoming; (2) consciousness-becoming, culminating in linguistic signs, is always in the process of becoming something other than what it was becoming; and (3) linguistic signs are never complete and consistent, for they continuously draw from pre-linguistic semiotic processes. These processes involve signs incessantly becoming other signs in interdependent, interactive interrelatedness. The three terms carry the implication that all signs are complementarily coalescent; they are always in the process of merging with one another. Illustration of the complementary coalescent processual flow of signs involves splitsecond decision-making - examples are chiefly from baseball and soccer - when one has no time consciously to think and then act on one's thinking. Decisions must be made in the blink of an eye, and they must be spontaneously acted on. This rapid-fire semiotic transition from pre-linguistic feelingbecoming to interpreting-becoming emphasizes ongoing process, rather than relatively fixed product. Process is the principle key qualifying Peirce's concept of semiosis.

floyd merrell is an eminent contemporary American semiotician, a long-time Professor of Semiotics and Spanish Literature in Purdue University. His numerous books include Signs Becoming Signs: Our Perfusive, Pervasive Universe (1991), Unthinking Thinking: Jorge Luis Borges, Mathematics, and the 'New Physics' (1991), Semiosis in the Postmodern Age (1995), Peirce's Semiotics Now: A Primer (1995), Signs Grow: Semiosis and Life Processes (1996), Peirce, Signs, and Meaning (1997), Tasking Textuality (2000), Living Learning, Learning Living: Signs, East and West (2002), Sensing Corporeally: Toward a Posthuman Understanding (2003), Processing Cultural Meaning (2007), Entangling Forms: Within Semiosic Processes (2010).

 
tsl13
Tartu Semiotics Library
volume 13
 
Silvi Salupere, Peeter Torop, Kalevi Kull (editors)
Beginnings of the semiotics of culture

Format: Paperback / softback
Collection: Tartu Semiotics Library
Pub. Date: 2013
Publisher: Tartu University Press


Abstract

The 2013 Tartu Semiotics Summer School (the 8th in the general sequence) takes place again at Kääriku and is dedicated to the development of semiotics of culture, under the title "Autocommunication in Semiotic Systems: 40 years after the Theses on the Semiotic Study of Culture". On this occasion, we republish here (1) the introduction to the 4th Summer School, written by J. Lotman, also in translation into English and Estonian, (2) the Theses in three languages (these were also published in vol. 1 of Tartu Semiotics Library, in 1998; here the translations are slightly corrected), and (3) the Postscriptum to theses (in English, translated from Italian, since we could not establish the Russian original of this text). The background and the further role of these texts is described in the accompanying article by Peeter Torop and Silvi Salupere.

Contents

Introduction. On the beginnings of the semiotics of culture in the light of
the Theses of the Tartu-Moscow School. Silvi Salupere, Peeter Torop ....... 13
I Proposals, 1970 ......................................................................................... 39
Proposals for the programme of the 4th Summer school on
secondary modelling systems. Juri Lotman ................................................... 41
II Theses, 1973 ............................................................................................. 51
Theses on the semiotic study of cultures (as applied to Slavic texts).
Juri M. Lotman, Vjacheslav V. Ivanov, Aleksandr M. Pjatigorskij,
Vladimir N. Toporov, Boris A. Uspenskij
....................................................... 53
III Postscriptum to Theses, 1979 ............................................................. 127
Heterogeneity and homogeneity of cultures: Postscriptum
to the collective theses. Juri Lotman, Boris Uspenskij.................................. 129
Index ............................................................................................................... 133