Coming with Family
Residence and work permits for family
Family members of an EU citizen will have the right of temporary residence if the EU citizen is employed in Estonia or has sufficient legal income to ensure the subsistence of him/herself and the family. Third country family members of an EU citizen are required to follow the appropriate visa requirements for entering Estonia. After arrival in Estonia, family members of an EU citizen can apply for the right of temporary residence in Estonia.
Citizens of third countries can apply for a temporary residence permit for settling with their spouse to whom a residence permit for employment or study has been granted. For your children you should apply for a residence permit in the category of settling with a close relative (e.g. parent) who resides in Estonia.
You can submit applications for residence permits for your family members together with your own application. If a residence permit has been issued for settling with a spouse, it is not necessary to apply for a separate work permit.
For more information please check the Migration Bureau’s website: http://www.politsei.ee
Finding a job for your partner
The most common ways to find a job in Estonia are with the help of friends, through newspaper advertisements, personnel search companies, Internet portals and with the help of the Estonian Unemployment Insurance Fund and its labour offices. Job offers and useful information on employment and living conditions in Estonia can also be found at EURES – The European Job Mobility Portal. The EURES (European Employment Services) consultants in Estonia work at the labour market offices.
Useful job search portals on the Internet that are available in English are:
Coming with kids: Day care centres and schools
In general, children stay at home until the age of 1.5 years. Until then families receive the parental benefit and one of the parents can stay home. Most day-care centres do not accept children younger than 1 year. Children under the age of 3 attend the day nurseries (mostly private) and the age of 3-7 nursery schools (municipal and private). Children start school at the age of 7.
In day care centres (day nurseries and nursery schools), the parents pay for the cost of meals as well as for a tuition fee. Additionally, babysitters can be found with the help of friends, agencies or through newspaper advertisements. There are 30 municipal and 5 private day care centres in Tartu, for children aged 3-7. To choose one suitable for your needs, go to the web page of the city of Tartu, www.tartu.ee, Department of Education (phone: +372 736 1445).
Väike Pauline private day care centre accepts children (ages 3-7) from different nationalities, and is prepared to help them integrate and adjust to Estonian society. (Jakobi St 45, Tartu, 51006; Phone: +372 742 1779; vaikepauline [ät] gmail.com; www.vaikepauline.edu.ee).
The International School in Tartu, which was opened in 2001, offers English-language tuition to children aged 6 to 14 years. In September 2004, a separate group was launched for pre-school children aged 3 to 5. (Veski St 1, Tartu, 51005, Estonia; Phone: +372 742 4241
E-mail: istartu [ät] gmail.com; www.istartu.ee).
Miina Härma Gümnaasium in Tartu has obtained the right to teach curricula on the basis of the International Baccalaureate Organisation programmes, and has an authorisation to teach the Diploma Programme (for students aged 16-19) and for the Primary Years Programme (for students aged 7-11). (Tõnissoni St 3, phone: +372 736 1920, www.mhg.tartu.ee)
There is also a Finnish Language School in Tartu with tuition in Finnish available for Finnish children residing in Tartu. The school teaches grades 1–9. (Veski St 1; Phone: +372 740 0990; www.tartonkoulu.net).
In the event that tuition in one of the above institutions is not possible, and your child needs tuition in English, you should contact the Tartu City government education office, who will advise you on which school is most suitable for your child. The school will then devise an individual study plan for your child. As the number of English-speaking children in schools is growing, schools have become quite experienced in meeting the needs of children coming from abroad. Parents may freely choose a school for their child if there are vacant places in the school. Schools are required to ensure educational opportunities for each child who resides in the school districtzone. Some schools do not have a district area and may accept pupils on the basis of admission tests or other requirements.
The academic year usually lasts from 1 September until June of the following year. It consists of a study period, examination period, and holidays (one week in the autumn, two weeks at Christmas and one week in the spring). The maximum number of lessons per week varies from 20 lessons (grade 1) to 34 lessons (grade 9). At upper secondary school the number of lessons may be 35 or even more.