Valentina Bulygina will defend her doctoral thesis titled "Речевой этикет в социолингвистическом аспекте (на материале марийской и эстонской коммуникативных культур"("Speech etiquette in the Mari and Estonian languages") on Friday, 29 September 2017 at 14.15.
Associate Professor Emeritus Tõnu Seilenthal, University of Tartu
Professor Anatoli Kuklin, Mari State University (Russia)
Associate Professor Valentina Gavrilova, Mari State University (Russia)
Description of the problem
In the process of communication people give each other certain information, certain meanings, report something, stimulate to do something, ask about something - make certain speech actions. However, before you exchange logical information, you are to make contact according to certain rules of communication and use of speech units.
The present paper is concerned with the study of speech units (speaking etiquette formulas (SEF)) in the Mari and Estonian languages. Research of speaking etiquette units in the sociolinguistic aspect is especially important at the moment, as the national speaking etiquette has been changing recently. Now in linguistics there is a revival of interest in the problems of speech communication, especially in sociolinguistics, whose aim is to monitor and study how social element is developed in a language, in other words, as the facts of a language function in the specific socio-relevant conditions of verbal communication. First of all, we are interested in how linguistic persona peculiarities (social characteristics of an individual) and the situation of communication (registers in thematic groups of SEF) influence the production of speech of a speaker and SEF usage frequency and variation.
Result and benefit
Author made a hypothesis: in different communicative situations a speaker uses certain speech units corresponding to the register specific for these communication conditions. A change in the communicative situation (change of a listener) leads to a change of communication register. In a speaker's mind the SEF are structured according to their belonging to a specific communication register in the framework of a thematic group, therefore, the use of the etiquette formulas more depends on a communicative situation rather than on social factors.
As research material author used the Mari and Estonian speech etiquette formulas, received from 72 respondents in age 8-35. About 2000 speech reactions in four thematic groups of the Mari and Estonian etiquette was examined: greeting, apology, gratitude, goodbye.
The research allowed to develop a summary model of social factors influence on frequency and variation of the SEF of Mari and Estonian speakers in the four registers of communication, permitting not only to describe, but also to predict a language behavior of an individual. The model shows that, in studying frequency and variation of the SEF use registers of communication proved to be more significant than the studied social factors (gender and age).
Regarding the SEF in the aspect of standards and usage allowed us to suggest that a part of non-standardized SEF is able to become a codified rule in course of time. In future it is possible to study the SEF more thoroughly in formation of a "new" etiquette standard.