The system of research funding in Estonia as a whole, and in the University of Tartu specifically, is highly diverse.
The cornerstone of research funding is made up of baseline and targeted funding allocations from the national budget, which are distributed between the country's research institutions and units annually. Grants from the Estonian Science Council and from national research programmes, also financed from the national budget, represent important supplementary sources of research funding.
Funding is also available from numerous national and international project schemes and co-operation schemes involving both the public and the private sector. Research and development funding can be obtained for specific purposes from EU structural funds (building and renovation of infrastructure, centres of excellence, preliminary and applied research, various mobility programmes, environmental studies andICT development). Support for international research projects is also available under the Seventh Framework Programme.