Research: Increasing segregation in European cities due to income inequality | University of Tartu
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Contacts of UT units

Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5341
Faculty address: 
Jakobi 2 - 116-121, 51014, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5341
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 116 - 121, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of History and Archaeology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5651
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5221
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5314
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, III, rooms 309-352, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Cultural Research
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5223
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 16, 51003, Tartu
  • School of Theology and Religious Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5301
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18-310, 50090, Tartu
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 3, 51003, Tartu
  • Viljandi Culture Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 435 5232
    Faculty address: 
    Posti 1, 71004, Viljandi
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5957
Faculty address: 
Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5900
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Education
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6440
    Faculty address: 
    Salme 1a, room 29, 50103, Tartu
  • Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5582
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, roomm 301, 51003, Tartu
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 6310
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 4, 50409, Tartu
  • Institute of Psychology
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5902
    Faculty address: 
    Näituse 2, 50409, Tartu
  • School of Law
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  • Institute of Social Studies
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    Lossi 36, 51003, Tartu
  • Narva College
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  • Pärnu College
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Faculty of Medicine
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Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine
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    Faculty address: 
    Biomeedikum, Ravila 19, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Pharmacy
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    Nooruse 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Dentistry
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    Raekoja plats 6, 51003, Tartu
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
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    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 8, 51014, Tartu, Eesti
  • Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 4190
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5360
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 5-205, 51014, Tartu
Faculty of Science and Technology
Faculty phone: 
(+372) 737 5820
Faculty address: 
Vanemuise 46-208, 51014, Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5820
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46 - 208, 51014, Tartu
  • Institute of Computer Science
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5445
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 2, 50409, Tartu
  • Estonian Marine Institute
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 671 8902
    Faculty address: 
    Mäealuse 14, 12618, Tallinn
  • Institute of Physics
    Faculty address: 
    W. Ostwaldi Str 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Chemistry
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 14a, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 2, 50409, Tartu
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23, 23b-134, 51010, Tartu
  • Institute of Technology
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Nooruse 1, 50411, Tartu
  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu
Institutions
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    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5702
    Faculty address: 
    W.Struve 1, 50091, Tartu
  • Youth Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5581
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 38, 51003, Tartu
  • Estonian Genome Center
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 4000
    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23b, 51010, Tartu
  • Museum
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 25, 51014, Tartu
  • University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden
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    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51014, Tartu
Support Units
  • Administrative Office
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • University Office in Tallinn
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    +372 737 6600
    Faculty address: 
    Teatri väljak 3, 10143 Tallinn
  • Estates Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • Finance Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 4, 51014, Tartu
  • Information Technology Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51014, Tartu
  • Internal Audit Office
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    Ülikooli 17-114, 51014, Tartu
  • Marketing and Communication Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, ruum 210, 50090, Tartu
  • Office of Academic Affairs
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090, Tartu
  • Office of Research and Development
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    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 3, III korrus, 51003, Tartu
  • Human Resources Office
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    Ülikooli 18, rooms 302 and 304, 50090, Tartu
  • Rector's Strategy Office
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    Ülikooli 18, 51014, Tartu
  • Student Council
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    Ülikooli 18b, 51014, Tartu
Other Units
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  • Tartu Student Village
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  • Tartu Students’ Club
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    Kalevi 24, 51010 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Press
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    Faculty address: 
    W. Struve 1, 50091 Tartu
  • Tartu University Hospital
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    L. Puusepa 1a, 50406 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Foundation
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • View all other units

Research: Increasing segregation in European cities due to income inequality

The widening gap between the rich and poor is leading to segregation in more and more European cities and it decreases the social stability and competitive power of the cities. These conclusions are based on the first rigorous comparative study on segregation in European cities which was published in the book “Socio-economic segregation in European capital cities. East meets West”, under the direction of Tiit Tammaru, Professor of Urban and Population Geography at the University of Tartu.

This study compares the situation in 2001 to that in 2011 for thirteen European cities and concludes that social mixing common to European cities is decreasing.

The conclusions are based on a comparative analysis about Madrid, Milan, Tallinn, London, Stockholm, Vienna, Athens, Amsterdam, Budapest, Riga, Vilnius, Prague and Oslo (ranked from the highest to lowest level of segregation).

Although social stratification is increasing, the process varies in European cities. “The link between social inequalities and segregation is not straightforward since it is mediated by many other factors such as the level of globalization in a city, the intensity and nature of immigration, and the local urban spatial and housing policies,” explained professor at the University of Tartu Department of Geography Tiit Tammaru.

Although the study focuses on income segregation, ethnicity sometimes clearly plays a role. This is also the case in Tallinn, where segregation increased the most among the studied cities. Kadri Leetmaa, Research Fellow in Human Geography at the University of Tartu, points that “One of the reasons for the increased socio-economic segregation in Tallinn is the growing overlap between social and ethnic inequalities”.

 “The combination of high social inequalities, disadvantages of the minority population and a lack of resources for urban policy seem to be an especially disastrous mix of factors leading towards high levels of segregation,” adds co–author of the chapter Anneli Kährik, UT Research Fellow in Human Geography.

The book concludes that socio-economic segregation reduces the competitive power of cities. Wealthier residents tend to leave predominantly low-income neighbourhoods. This accelerates the process of segregation, making cities more susceptible to social unrest and less attractive as areas for locating a business. Such developments can lead to explosive situations as we have witnessed in recent years in several European cities, such as Paris and Stockholm. This is why the Netherlands have declared urban policy as one of the priorities for their coming European Union presidency.

The study was published by the renowned publishing agency Routledge as part of their series Regions and Cities. Additional information about the book is available on their website.

In addition to Tiit Tammaru, editors of the book include his colleagues Szymon Marcińczak from Poland and Maarten van Ham and Sako Musterd from the Netherlands.

The research received funding from the Estonian Research Council, the Estonian Science Foundation and the European Research Council.

Additional information: Tiit Tammaru, Professor of Urban and Population Geography at the University of Tartu, tel. +372 5057331, e-mail: tiit.tammaru [ät] ut.ee.

Virge Tamme
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