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FCE 24, FCE 25, FCE 26 – 1987
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Contents of FCE 31-42
FCE 31 – 1997
FCE 32 – 1998
FCE 33 – 1998
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FCE 39 – 2002
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FCE 42 – 2006


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Folia Cryptogamica Estonica 44 (2008)

Pawel Czarnota & Martin Kukwa
Contribution to the knowledge of some poorly known lichens in Poland. I. The genus Absconditella
Data on the poorly known lichen genus Absconditella in Poland are presented. A. pauxilla is reported as new to the country. New collections of the rare in Central Europe A. delutula and A. sphagnorum are provided. Additionally, new records of the very much overlooked A. lignicola are presented from many regions of Poland. Taxonomic remarks, known world distribution and habitat preferences for the species are included.

Pawel Czarnota & Martin Kukwa
Contribution to the knowledge of some poorly known lichens in Poland. II. The genus Psilolechia
Psilolechia leprosa is reported as new to Poland and Sudetes Mts. It was found on metal enriched melaphyre rocks. The distribution of P. clavulifera is reviewed and the new records show it has been very much undercollected. The chemistry of P. lucida in Poland was investigated and it was found to produce more substances of unknown structure, than previously reported.

Michail Vladimirovich Dulin
The preliminary checklist of liverworts of the Komi Republic (Russia)
The first checklist of liverworts of the Komi Republic (Russia) is presented. It reports 164 species and 9 varieties of liverworts belonging to 61 genera and 28 families.

Michail Vladimirovich Dulin
Rare liverworts in Komi Republic (Russia)
Data are presented on distribution and ecology of 10 rare liverwort species (Anastrophyllum sphenoloboides, Arnellia fennica, Haplomitrium hookeri, Cephalozia macounii, Cephaloziella elachista, Lophozia ascendens, Nardia japonica, Scapania scandica, Schistochilopsis laxa, Sphenolobus cavifolius) included in the Red Data Book of the Komi Republic, and 8 species (Dichiton integerrimum, Harpanthus scutatus, Kurzia pauciflora, Lophozia pellucida, Lophozia perssonii, Odontoschisma denudatum, Scapania nemorea, Schistochilopsis hyperarctica) suggested for inclusion in the new edition of the Red Data Book of the Komi Republic.

Edit Farkas & Ave Suija
The species of the former Toninia coeruleonigricans group in Estonia
The Estonian specimens originally named Toninia coeruleonigricans auct. (= Toninia caeruleonigricans), formally revised as Toninia sedifolia were checked again recently. Two species, T. physaroides (Opiz) Zahlbr. and T. sedifolia (Scop.) Timdal were recognized. A key for determination of sterile specimens of the closely related taxa T. opuntioides (Vill.) Timdal, T. physaroides and T. sedifolia is provided.

Eric Steen Hansen
Lichens from Arsuk and Paamiut – Frederikshåb, South West Greenland
A total of 263 taxa of lichens are reported from two localities in South West Greenland. Peltigera britannica and Porpidia thomsonii are reported as new to West Greenland. 4 lichens are new to South West Greenland, viz. Bacidia bagliettoana, Baeomyces carneus, Caloplaca psoricida and Rhizocarpon subareolatum. A new taxon, Lecanora swartzii ssp. soralifera, is described. Geology, climate and vegetation of the localities are briefly treated.

Nele Ingerpuu, Kristel Maasikpalu & Kai Vellak
Morphology and habitat properties of Tortula lingulata in Estonia
Tortula lingulata Lindb. is a moss that is rare in Europe and under protection in Estonia. It grows sparsely on sandstone outcrops. Eight localities are known in Estonia. Main morphological characters of the species and environmental parameters were measured at five sites. The moss shoots were longer at sites with higher sandstone moisture, and the nerve of the leaves was wider at sites with higher moisture and conductivity level under the moss patch.

Ilona Jukoniene
The impact of anthropogenic habitats on rare bryophyte species in Lithuania
Anthropogenic habitats support about one third of bryophytes known in Lithuania. Nearly half of them are rare in the country. 21 species occurring in anthropogenic habitats of Lithuania are of high conservation value. Possibility to conserve bryophyte species restricted to anthropogenic habitats is discussed.

Kuulo Kalamees
Checklist of the species of the genus Lactarius (Phallomycetidae, Agaricomycetes) in Estonia
62 species of genus Lactarius of Phallomycetidae (Agaricomycetes) from the family Russulaceae (Russulales) have been recorded in Estonia. A checklist of these species with ecological, phenological and distribution data is presented.

Ede Leppik & Inga Jüriado
Factors important for epiphytic lichen communities in wooded meadows of Estonia
The epiphytic lichen communities in open and overgrown wooded meadows in Estonia were examined. From 29 study stands, 179 taxa of lichens, lichenicolous and allied fungi were identified, 41 of them are nationally rare, red-listed or protected. Non-metric multidimensional scaling (NMS) was performed to examine the main gradients in species composition and to relate these gradients to environmental variables. The response of lichen species richness to the influence of the environmental variables was tested using a general linear mixed model (GLMM). We revealed that overgrowing of wooded meadows caused significant changes in lichen communities on trees: richness of lichen species decreased and the composition of species changed. Photophilous lichen communities with many species of macrolichens in open wooded meadows were replaced with associations of more shade-tolerant microlichen species. The composition of epiphytic lichen communities were also influenced by the tree species composition, diameter of trees and the geographical location of the stand.

Anna Mezaka, Guntis Brumelis & Alfons Piterans
The distribution of epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species in relation to phorophyte characters in Latvian natural old-growth broad leaved forests
Epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species distribution was studied in representative natural old-growth broad leaved forests in Latvia. Overall 120 epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species were found in 13 forest stands. Seven Latvian red-listed bryophyte (Antitrichia curtipendula, Lejeunea cavifolia, Metzgeria furcata, Neckera complanata, Neckera pennata, Dicranum viride, Jamesoniella autumnalis) and four red-listed lichen species (Lobaria pulmonaria, Opegrapha viridis, Pertusaria pertusa, Thelotrema lepadinum) were recorded. The relationships of total epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species richness and red-listed epiphytic bryophyte and lichen species richness with substrate factors (phorophyte species, DBH (diameter at breast height), tree bark crevice depth and tree bark pH) were evaluated.

Beáta Papp
Selection of Important Bryophyte Areas in Hungary
Until now 99 sites could be selected as important bryophyte areas on the basis of 125 populations of 26 European red-listed species and an additional three species protected by law in Hungary. Most of the species with confirmed recent occurrences have few existing populations. The most important habitats from the point of view of the conservation of European red-listed bryophytes are places with shaded rocks or rocks in streams in forest-covered mountainous areas, which maintain 30% of the existing Hungarian populations of European red-listed species. Saline-alkali and dry rocky grasslands and loess cliffs are also very important habitats in the preservation of submediterranean, continental, and subcontinental elements. Wet grasslands nowadays are of minor importance in the preservation of rarities as they are in very bad conditions mainly due to dry climatic periods of the last decades. Similarly, the number of populations of species living on decaying wood and tree bark is not high either.

Tiina Randlane, Inga Jüriado, Ave Suija, Piret Lõhmus & Ede Leppik
Lichens in the new Red List of Estonia
The compilation of the current Red List of Estonia took place during 2006–2008; the IUCN system of categories and criteria (vers. 6.1), which is accepted worldwide, was applied. Out of the 1019 lichenized, lichenicolous and closely allied fungal species recorded in Estonia in 2006, 464 species (45.5%) were evaluated while 555 species remained not estimated – in the category Not Evaluated (NE). Of the evaluated species, 213 were assigned to the so-called red-listed categories: Regionally Extinct (RE), Critically Endangered (CR), Endangered (EN), Vulnerable (VU), Near Threatened (NT) and Data Deficient (DD). 113 of them were classified as threatened (belonging to the categories CR, EN, VU). 251 species were assigned to the category Least Concerned (LC). The full enumeration of the red-listed lichens of Estonia with appropriate category and criteria is presented.

Andrea Sass-Gyarmati, Irina Goia & Tamás Pócs
The distribution of Metzgeria violacea in the Apuseni Mountains (Romanian Western Carpathians)
Metzgeria violacea (Ach.) Dumort. was known from three places in Romania. It recently has been found at several localities in the Apuseni Mountains, mostly in deep gorges, on twigs of different woody species. The distribution, ecology and the distinguishing characters from the related species are discussed.

Ana Séneca & Lars Söderström
Species richness and distribution ranges of European Sphagnum
There are 51 Sphagnum species in Europe. Sphagnum species richness shows a gradient of decrease from the boreal region towards the north and the south, as well as from west to east to some degree. There is a strong correlation between number of species and number of range restricted species. The most species rich countries (Norway and Sweden) also have most range restricted species. Most species occur in boreal, oceanic and/or alpine areas. Several areas, primarily several countries on the Balkans and Slovakia are identified as probably underexplored for Sphagnum species.

Anton Shiryaev
Diversity and distribution of thelephoroid fungi (Basidiomycota, Thelephorales) in the Sverdlovsk region, Russia
63 species of the thelephoroid fungi (Basidiomycota) are reported from the Sverdlovsk region (Russia), including fifteen new species for the region. One of them, Phellodon secretus is reported for the first time from Russia. This study is based on 931 collections and observations, as well as on literature data. The most frequent species are Hydnellum aurantiacum, H. ferrugineum, Sarcodon imbricatus, S. squamosus, Thelephora palmata, Th. terrestris, Tomentella bryophila, T. ellisii, T. ferruginea, T. radiosa, T. sublilacina. These species comprise 52% of all observations, but only 17.5% of all species found in the region. Nine species (14.3%) were collected only once, seven species (11.1%) twice, and six species (9.5%) three times, respectively. Some rare species are also infreguently collected in other regions of Russia, viz. Amaurodon cyaneus, A. mustialaensis, Hydnellum auratile, H. geogenium, H. peckii, Pseudotomentella flavovirens, P. nigra, Tomentella galzinii, T. viridula. The highest richness of species was in the southernmost areas of the region, esp. in mixed or broad-leaved forests. Only 4.8% of the total number of the species has been recorded in all biogeographical provinces and 20.6% of species were found only in one province.

Lars Söderström & Ana Séneca
Species richness and range restricted species of liverworts in Europe and Macaronesia
Species richness and range size patterns of European liverworts are analyzed at global scale. At the scale used in the study, species richness decrease from west to east and from the boreal areas towards both south and north. There is a trend that the larger the areas are the more species there are, but this trend is weak and cannot explain much of the patterns. Of the 490 liverwort species occurring in Europe and Macaronesia, 14.5 % have very small distribution ranges (as defined here; H’<1), which is a much lower figure than e.g. Malesia where over 50 % has small distribution ranges. Number of range restricted and very range restricted species is correlated exponentially with number of species. The geographic patterns of species richness and range restriction are not the same as for vascular plants. The more range restricted a liverwort species is in Europe the more it tends to be an oceanic species. Great Britain and France have most range restricted species but Portugal and the Macaronesian Islands have a larger proportion of liverwort species with small distribution ranges. However, the calculated rarity index is low compared with e.g. Malesia due to both lower number of species and lower proportion of range restricted species.

Galina V. Zheleznova & Tatyana P. Shubina
Red-listed mosses in the Komi Republic (Russia)
The paper presents data on red-listed mosses of the Komi Republic. 114 taxa of moss species have been suggested for inclusion in the new edition of the Red Data Book of the Komi Republic.

New Estonian Records
Kadri Pärtel & Kadri Põldmaa Helotiales, Ascomycota
Bellis Kullman Pezizales, Ascomycota
Ave Suija, Piret Lõhmus & Jurga Motiejunaite Lichens and lichenicolous fungi