Ajai Kumar Pathak “Delineating genetic ancestries of people of the Indus Valley, Parsis, Indian Jews and Tharu tribe” | University of Tartu

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Contacts of UT units

Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5341
Faculty address: 
Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5341
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of History and Archaeology
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5651
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5221
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5314
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 309–352, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Cultural Research
    Faculty phone: 
    (+372) 737 5223
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 16, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Theology and Religious Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5301
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18–310, 50090 Tartu
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 4, 50409, Tartu
  • Viljandi Culture Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 435 5232
    Faculty address: 
    Posti 1, 71004 Viljandi
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5957
Faculty address: 
Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5900
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Education
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6440
    Faculty address: 
    Salme 1a–29, 50103 Tartu
  • Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
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    +372 737 5582
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36–301, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
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    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Psychology
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  • Institute of Social Studies
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Faculty of Medicine
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Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
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    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine
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  • Institute of Pharmacy
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  • Institute of Dentistry
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  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
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  • Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health
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    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 5–205, 51005 Tartu
Faculty of Science and Technology
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5820
Faculty address: 
Vanemuise 46–208, 51014 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
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    +372 737 5820
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46–208, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Computer Science
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    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Estonian Marine Institute
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    Faculty address: 
    Mäealuse 14, 12618 Tallinn
  • Institute of Physics
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  • Institute of Chemistry
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    Faculty address: 
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  • Institute of Genomics
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23b, 51010 Tartu
  • Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
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    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
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    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23, 23b–134, 51010 Tartu
  • Tartu Observatory
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    Observatooriumi 1, Tõravere, 61602 Tartumaa
  • Institute of Technology
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    Faculty address: 
    Nooruse 1, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences
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    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51003 Tartu
Institutions
  • Library
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5702
    Faculty address: 
    W. Struve 1, 50091 Tartu
  • Youth Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5581
    Faculty address: 
    Uppsala 10, 51003 Tartu
  • Museum
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5674
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 25, 51003 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6076
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51003 Tartu
Support Units
  • Administrative Office
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    +372 737 5606
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation
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    +372 737 4809
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009, Tartu
  • University Office in Tallinn
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6600
    Faculty address: 
    Teatri väljak 3, 10143 Tallinn
  • Estates Office
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    +372 737 5137
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Finance Office
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    +372 737 5125
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 4, 51005 Tartu
  • Grant Office
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  • Information Technology Office
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  • International Cooperation and Protocol Office
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  • Marketing and Communication Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, rooms 102, 104, 209, 210, 50090 Tartu
  • Office of Academic Affairs
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    +372 737 5620
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • Procurement Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Rector's Strategy Office
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • Student Council
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  • University of Tartu Press
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    Faculty address: 
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Other Units
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    Faculty address: 
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    Faculty address: 
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  • Tartu Students’ Club
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    Faculty address: 
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  • Tartu University Hospital
    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 1a, 50406 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Foundation
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • View all other units

Ajai Kumar Pathak “Delineating genetic ancestries of people of the Indus Valley, Parsis, Indian Jews and Tharu tribe”

Date: 
15.06.2021 - 14:15
On 15 June at 14:15 Ajai Kumar Pathak will defend his doctoral thesis “Delineating genetic ancestries of people of the Indus Valley, Parsis, Indian Jews and Tharu tribe”.
 
Supervisors:
professor Richard Villems, University of Tartu
professor Gyaneshwer Chaubey, Banaras Hindu University (India)
 
Opponent:
professor Francesc Calafell, Universitat Pompeu Fabra and Institut de Biologia Evolutiva (CSIC-UPF) (Spain)
 
Summary
Presented hereby is the 5th in a series of PhD theses prepared in Tartu University, addressing genetics of population history of the South Asian peoples. Inhabited considerably before the Last Glacial Maximum, the region harbors by now about 1.8 billion humans – almost a quarter of the global population. Therefore, understanding of present-day variation of the latter, in particular outside sub-Saharan Africa, is not possible without deeper knowledge about genetics of South Asian populations. This thesis is based on four published papers. The first one is focused on selected populations inhabiting northeastern Indus Valley, bearing, in particular, in mind ancient Indus Valley civilization and following it Vedic period. The second and the third paper address historically somewhat better known migrations, bringing to India religiously distinct Parsi and Jewish peoples. The fourth paper analyses the genetic variation of a populous Tharu tribe, living predominantly in Nepal, but also in northern provinces of India. Perhaps the most interesting finding of the first paper is that the presumably identified already in Vedic texts, Ror population exhibits significant genetic affinity with northern Steppe and West European peoples, testifying about prehistoric north to south migration(s). The arrival of Parsis to South Asia in 7th century was a consequence of the Islamization of Iran. Comparing Parsi genomes in their historic contexts, we observed their extensive admixture with South Asians, in particular, asymmetrically in paternal and maternal lineages. Nearly the same can be said about different Indian communities that preserved Judaist traditions: their genomes show affinities to peoples living in the Near and Middle East. As far as the genetically highly diverse Tharu tribe is concerned, a clearly distinct East Asian contribution can be seen, admixed with South Asian genetic heritage. It seems justified to identify the Tharu as cultural, rather than demic phenomenon.
Location: 
Riia 23b–105 or via video bridge
URL: 
https://dspace.ut.ee/handle/10062/71939
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