On 16 April at 14:15 Elena Voronina will defend her doctoral thesis "Ихтионимы в марийском языке (историко-этимологический анализ)". Defend will be held in russian.
dr Tõnu Seilenthal
candidate for philology Oleg Sergejev, Mari Institute of Language, Literature and History
candidate for philology Elvira Pekšeeva, Mari Institute of Language, Literature and History
Ichthyological vocabulary is still underexplored in Mari linguistics. It is necessary to conduct the special complex etymological interpretation of the Mari fish names.
A set of etymologies even being classified as common needs clarification and complement as the new collected materials contain unique data.
Where possible, etymological analysis of fish terms was conducted in the given research work. All the fish names are either related to standard Mari or can be classified as dialecticisms, that are still in use among the speakers of four Mari dialect groups (Meadow, Eastern Hill and North-Western which are further divided into twenty subdialects). Several terms were revealed by the author in the course of the survey. The research work contains quite new etymological interpretations (loval 'bream', turyško, turšo 'chub', šijgol 'catfish'). The majority of old fish names are classified as unmotivated. Etymological modeling method allowed to reveal some semantic models of several fish names, such as loval L, laval G 'bream' (No.39) 'something flat'; nuran 'sterlet' (No.9) 'a smooth fish, covered with slime'; šijgol 'catfish' (No.181) 'something scary; an ugly fish' etc.
Out of 225 analyzed fish names, 19 can be classified as ancient having parallel terms in kindred languages; 41 words as borrowings, and 160 as Mari words. These data point to the fact that the basis for ichthyological vocabulary is a group of words created within the system of the Mari language.