Hando Hain "The role of voluntary certification in promoting sustainable natural resource use in transitional economies" | University of Tartu

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Contacts of UT units

Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5341
Faculty address: 
Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5341
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of History and Archaeology
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5651
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5221
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5314
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 309–352, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Cultural Research
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 16, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Theology and Religious Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5301
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18–310, 50090 Tartu
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
    Faculty address: 
    J. Liivi 4, 50409, Tartu
  • Viljandi Culture Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 435 5232
    Faculty address: 
    Posti 1, 71004 Viljandi
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5957
Faculty address: 
Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5900
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Education
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6440
    Faculty address: 
    Salme 1a–29, 50103 Tartu
  • Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5582
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36–301, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6310
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Psychology
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    +372 737 5902
    Faculty address: 
    Näituse 2, 50409 Tartu
  • School of Law
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    Näituse 20–324, 50409 Tartu
  • Institute of Social Studies
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    Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Narva College
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  • Pärnu College
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Faculty of Medicine
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+372 737 5326
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Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5326
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine
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    +372 737 4210
    Faculty address: 
    Biomeedikum, Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Pharmacy
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    Nooruse 1, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Dentistry
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    +372 731 9856
    Faculty address: 
    Raekoja plats 6, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5323
    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 8, 50406 Tartu
  • Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 4190
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5360
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 5–205, 51005 Tartu
Faculty of Science and Technology
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5820
Faculty address: 
Vanemuise 46–208, 51014 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5820
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46–208, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Computer Science
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5445
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Estonian Marine Institute
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 671 8902
    Faculty address: 
    Mäealuse 14, 12618 Tallinn
  • Institute of Physics
    Faculty address: 
    W. Ostwaldi 1, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Chemistry
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5261
    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 14a, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5860
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5027
    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23, 23b–134, 51010 Tartu
  • Tartu Observatory
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    Faculty address: 
    Observatooriumi 1, Tõravere, 61602 Tartumaa
  • Institute of Technology
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 4800
    Faculty address: 
    Nooruse 1, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5835
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51003 Tartu
Institutions
  • Library
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5702
    Faculty address: 
    W. Struve 1, 50091 Tartu
  • Youth Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5581
    Faculty address: 
    Uppsala 10, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Genomics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 4000
    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23b, 51010 Tartu
  • Museum
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5674
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 25, 51003 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6076
    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51003 Tartu
Support Units
  • Administrative Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5606
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Centre for Entrepreneurship and Innovation
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 4809
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009, Tartu
  • University Office in Tallinn
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6600
    Faculty address: 
    Teatri väljak 3, 10143 Tallinn
  • Estates Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5137
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Finance Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5125
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 4, 51005 Tartu
  • Grant Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6215
    Faculty address: 
    Raekoja plats 9, 51004 Tartu
  • Information Technology Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6000, IT-help: +372 737 5500
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Human Resources Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5145
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, rooms 302 and 304, 50090 Tartu
  • Internal Audit Office
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18-244, 51005 Tartu
  • Marketing and Communication Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5687
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, rooms 102, 104, 209, 210, 50090 Tartu
  • Office of Academic Affairs
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5620
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • Procurement Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6632
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18a, 51005 Tartu
  • Rector's Strategy Office
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5600
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • Student Council
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18b, 51005 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Press
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5945
    Faculty address: 
    W. Struve 1, 50091 Tartu
Other Units
  • University of Tartu Academic Sports Club
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5371
    Faculty address: 
    Ujula 4, 51008 Tartu
  • Tartu Student Village
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 740 9959
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 25, 51013 Tartu
  • Tartu Students’ Club
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 730 2400
    Faculty address: 
    Kalevi 24, 51010 Tartu
  • Tartu University Hospital
    Faculty address: 
    L. Puusepa 1a, 50406 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Foundation
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5852
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18, 50090 Tartu
  • View all other units

Hando Hain "The role of voluntary certification in promoting sustainable natural resource use in transitional economies"

Date: 
12.06.2012 - 14:15 to 16:00

12. juunil kell 14.15 kaitseb Hando Hain inimgeograafia erialal doktoritööd teemal "The role of voluntary certification in promoting sustainable natural resource use in transitional economies" (Vabatahtliku sertifitseerimise roll keskkonnasõbraliku metsanduse edendamisel üleminekumajanduse tingimustes). Kaitsmine toimub ülikooli peahoone senati saalis (204).

Juhendaja: prof. Rein Ahas (TÜ geograafia osakond)
Oponent: Associate Professor Olof Stjernström, Department of Geography and Economic History, Umea University

Doktoritöö uurib vabatahtliku sertifitseerimise rolli ja mõjusid Ida-Euroopa üleminekutingimustes. Uurimus tugineb suurel määral juhtumiuuringule Eestis, kus möödunud 20 aasta jooksul on toimunud üleminek nn nõukogude plaanimajanduslikult majandusmudelilt kapitalistlikule turumajandusele.Tulemuste laiendamiseks Ida-Euroopale, uuriti FSC sertifitseerimisauditite käigus selle piirkonna metsamajandajatele kehtestatud parandusnõudeid. Üleminekumajanduse tingimuste välja selgitamiseks ja üldistuste tegemiseks on sertifitseerimise mõju Ida-Euroopas võrreldud Lääne-Euroopaga. Töös väidetakse, et sertifitseerimine täiendab edukalt avaliku sektori püüdlusi reguleerida metsaressursi jätkusuutlikku kasutust üleminekumajanduse tingimustes, kus valitsuse suutlikkus ühiskaupade kasutuse edukaks reguleerimiseks on piiratud.
Peale Eesti iseseisvumist 1991, toimusid mitmed olulised muudatused. Omandireformi ja mitmete poliitiliste reformide samaaegne käivitamine tõi kaasa üldise poliitilise ja seadusandliku vaakumi ning vähenes valitsuse võimekus seaduste täitmist jõustada. Metsasektoris tõi see kaasa raiemahtude mitmekordse kasvu ja ebaseaduslike tegevuste levimise, mis omakorda mõjus negatiivselt Eesti metsanduse ja puidutööstuse mainele. Nendes tingimustes tekkis valitsusvälistel keskkonnaorganisatsioonidel ja tööstusel ühine huvi võtta kasutusele alternatiivseid metsaressursi kasutust suunavaid vahendeid, mis aitaksid parandada Eesti metsanduse toimimist ning mainet. Alates aastast 1998 hakati välja töötama Eestile sobilikku säästva metsanduse standardit ning aastal 2000 väljastati esimene FSC sertifikaat erametsaomanikule Lembit Laks. Aastal 2002 omandas FSC sertifikaadi kolm aastat varem moodustatud riigitulundusasutus RMK.
Analoogilised protsessid toimusid ka mitmetes teistes Ida-Euroopa riikides, ning 21 sajandi alguses omandasid paljud (valdavalt avaliku sektori) metsamajandajad FSC sertifikaadi. Töö tulemused Eestis ja Ida-Euroopas näitavad, et sertifitseerimise käigus on nõutud mitmeid olulisi praktilisi muudatusi, mille järgimine aitab otseselt kaasa säästva metsamajandamise rakendamisele. Sertimisel on olnud positiivne mõju näiteks kemikaalide kasutuse vähendamisel, keskkonnariskidemaandamisel, kaitsealade ja kaitsealuste liikide kaitsel, bioloogilist mitmekesisust soodustavate elementide kaitsel ja säilitamisel, läbipaistvamal suhtlusel huvigruppidega ja töötajate tööohutusnõuete rakendamisel. Eestis kaasati metsanduslikku diskussiooni uusi huvigruppe juba säästvat metsandust defineeriva standardi koostamise etapis, mille käigus tekkis mitmeid uudseid ideid, mis leidsid rakendamist ka praktikas. Samas ei ole sertifitseerimine Eestis mõjutanud näiteks lageraiete osakaalu ega raiete intensiivsust. Lisaks ei rakendatud sertimist laialdaselt erametsades, kus vajadus positiivsete muudatuste järele oli üleminekutingimustes suurim. Raiemahtude vähenemise ja säästlikuma metsakasutuse erametsades tõid kaasa eelkõige valitsuse poolt tehtud muudatused metsaseaduses ja selle rangem jõustamine, mis sai alguse aastal 2004.
Töö tulemused annavad alust väita, et vabatahtlik sertifitseerimine on oluline täiendav võimalus soodustada jätkusuutlikku loodusressursside kasutustüleminekutingimustes, kus avaliku sektori võimekus ressursikasutust kontrollida ja suunata on piiratud. Samas on ka sertifitseerimise enda suutlikkus piiratud. Vabatahtliku iseloomu tõttu on sertifitseerimise kasutuselevõtt vähene väiksema vastutustundega majandajate seas.

Location: 
UT Senate Hall
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