Supervisor: dots. Enn Küng.
Opponent: professor Raimo Raag (Uppsala Ülikool)
Communication field in Swedish Baltic Sea provinces in the end of the 17th century - Revalsche Post-Zeitung as an early modern information vehicle
(Kommunikatsiooniväli Rootsi Läänemere-provintsides 17. sajandi lõpul - Revalsche Post-Zeitung varauusaegse informatsioonikandjana)
The thesis deals with Revalsche Post-Zeitung, a newspaper printed periodically in Tallinn during the end of the Swedish reign (approx. 1689-1710). So far the newspaper has been examined as a separate institution in the historiography, but in the thesis the conception of the approach has been changed by viewing it in the broader context of early modern Swedish Empire and the European press history. The papers constituting the thesis review different aspects of the study object. The periodically issued (Tallinn) newspaper is at first reviewed together with other early modern information vehicles (pamphlets, etc) as a possible source of publicism and historiography of that time. Thereafter the thesis focuses on the person of the typographer of Revalsche Post-Zeitung and his other everyday activities. Newspaper publishing wasn't an activity per se or a separate task for the typographer but one aspect of information communication and reproduction of news vehicles. Commercial and other announcements published in the newspaper are dealt with separately.
As a methodological innovation Revalsche Post-Zeitung was for the first time reviewed in parallel with newspapers published in the Livonian Province - Montags (Donnertstags) Ordinari Post Zeitung (1690-1681), Rigische Novellen (1681-1710), and other German newspapers, for example those published in Königsberg and Hamburg. As a result of the comparison it became clear thet Revalsche Post-Zeitung was a abbreviated reedition of the newspaper printed in Riga. This knowledge compels us to revise the current outlook on the Baltic early modern press history. The publishing of the newspapers in Estonian and Livonian Province centres should be viewed as an integral process initiated by the volition of the central government to control the ways and channels of the information communication aimed at the public.