Prof. Arvet Pedas, Cand. Sc, University of Tartu
Acad., Prof. Emer. Gennadi Vainikko, D. Sc, University of Tartu
Prof. Dr. Rainer Kress, Georg-August-Universität Göttingen, Germany
Prof. Dr. Alastair Spence, University of Bath, United Kingdom
There are a number of problems from many different fields, for example chemistry, physics of polymers and mathematical physics, which are directly formulated in terms of integral equations; and there are problems that are represented in terms of differential equations with auxiliary conditions, but which can be reduced to integral equations. There are relatively few integral equations which can be solved exactly, hence, numerical schemes are required for dealing with these equations in a proper manner.
In this thesis we propose two new classes of high order numerical methods, which do not need graded grids for solving linear Fredholm integral equations of the second kind with singularities. The methods are developed by means of the 'central part' interpolation by polynomials on the uniform grid and smoothing change of variables. In the central parts of the interval, the estimates of interpolation error are approximately 2m times more precise than on the whole interval. In the central parts of the interval, the interpolation process on the uniform grid also has good stability properties as m increases. With the help of a change of variables we improve the boundary behaviour of the exact solution of the problem. The convergence and the convergence order of methods is studied.