Martin Mooses "Anthropometric and physiological determinants of running economy and performance from Estonian recreational to Kenyan national level distance runners" | University of Tartu

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Contacts of UT units

Faculty of Arts and Humanities
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5341
Faculty address: 
Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5341
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 116–121, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of History and Archaeology
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5651
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Estonian and General Linguistics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5221
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Philosophy and Semiotics
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5314
    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 2, rooms 309–352, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Cultural Research
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 16, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Theology and Religious Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5301
    Faculty address: 
    Ülikooli 18–310, 50090 Tartu
  • College of Foreign Languages and Cultures
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 3, 51003 Tartu
  • Viljandi Culture Academy
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 435 5232
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    Posti 1, 71004 Viljandi
Faculty of Social Sciences
Faculty phone: 
+372 737 5957
Faculty address: 
Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
    + 372 737 5900
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Education
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 6440
    Faculty address: 
    Salme 1a–29, 50103 Tartu
  • Johan Skytte Institute of Political Studies
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5582
    Faculty address: 
    Lossi 36–301, 51003 Tartu
  • School of Economics and Business Administration
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    +372 737 6310
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Psychology
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    Näituse 2, 50409 Tartu
  • School of Law
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  • Institute of Social Studies
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Faculty of Medicine
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  • Dean's Office
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    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Biomedicine and Translational Medicine
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  • Institute of Pharmacy
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  • Institute of Dentistry
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  • Institute of Clinical Medicine
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  • Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health
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    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 19, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Sport Sciences and Physiotherapy
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Jakobi 5–205, 51005 Tartu
Faculty of Science and Technology
Faculty phone: 
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Vanemuise 46–208, 51014 Tartu
  • Dean's Office
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46–208, 51005 Tartu
  • Institute of Computer Science
    Faculty phone: 
    +372 737 5445
    Faculty address: 
    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Estonian Marine Institute
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Mäealuse 14, 12618 Tallinn
  • Institute of Physics
    Faculty address: 
    W. Ostwaldi 1, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Chemistry
    Faculty phone: 
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    Faculty address: 
    Ravila 14a, 50411 Tartu
  • Institute of Mathematics and Statistics
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    Narva mnt 18, 51009 Tartu
  • Institute of Molecular and Cell Biology
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  • Tartu Observatory
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  • Institute of Technology
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  • Institute of Ecology and Earth Sciences
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    Faculty address: 
    Vanemuise 46, 51003 Tartu
Institutions
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    Faculty address: 
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  • Youth Academy
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    Faculty address: 
    Uppsala 10, 51003 Tartu
  • Institute of Genomics
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    Faculty address: 
    Riia 23b, 51010 Tartu
  • Museum
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    Lossi 25, 51003 Tartu
  • University of Tartu Natural History Museum and Botanical Garden
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    Faculty address: 
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  • University Office in Tallinn
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  • Estates Office
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  • University of Tartu Foundation
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  • View all other units

Martin Mooses "Anthropometric and physiological determinants of running economy and performance from Estonian recreational to Kenyan national level distance runners"

Date: 
27.08.2014 - 12:00 to 14:00

Thesis supervisor:
Professor Jaak Jürimäe, PhD, University of Tartu

Opponent:
Lecturer and researcher Dr. Jesús Oliván Mallen, PhD, Universidad Europea de Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Summary:
East African runners have dominated distance running for more than 40 years. Distance runners from Kenya hold over 55% of positions in all-time world top 20 list. Proposed explanations for the unprecedented success of Kenyan runners have included genetic, environmental, cultural, socioeconomic, lifestyle and training factors. From the early study conducted by Saltin et al. (1995) until to date there is lack of evidence for higher maximal oxygen uptake values (parameter determined in laboratory which characterise runners areobic capacity) in East African runners compared with Caucasian counterparts. Thus, it appears that elite East African runners do not have any specific advantage over non-African runners in terms of maximal oxygen uptake despite clear difference in performance. Therefore successful performance of distance runners, specifically those from East Africa, is generally attributed to better running economy. Altogether, to date there is no consensus which factors are responsible for superior running economy. In addition, there is equivocal data about how running economy is related to running performance, and about running economy between middle- and long-distance runners.

Scientific community has agreed that running economy is not determined only by one parameter but it is rather more complex of factors to look at, especially at the highest level of human performance and therefore for better understanding of the interaction between running economy, performance, body composition as well as body lengths and circumferences on different levels of distance running is needed. Thus, the aim of the current thesis was to investigate running economy and performance in recreational and national level Estonian runners as well as elite level Kenyan distance runners.

Present thesis concluded that running economy of Estonian competitive and recreational level runners cannot be explained by body composition and it can be argued that running economy is rather influenced by specific training than body composition variables. Inverse relationship between running economy and maximal oxygen uptake values in Kenyan runners would suggest that RE could be compensated for by maximal oxygen uptake to maintain high performance level.

In conclusion, present findings are in line with the idea that running economy is only one of many factors explaining elite running performance.

Location: 
UT Senate Hall
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