Professor emeritus Juri Kudrjavtsev, University of Tartu
Professor Oleg Nikitin, State Institute of Moscow Oblast
Senior Lecturer Natalja Netšunajeva, Tallinn University
This dissertation attempts to carry out etymological analysis of ethnic-oriented dialect vocabulary. Linguistic schemes are supported predominantly by ethnographic evidence. The picture which has emerged as a result of such approach lacks wholeness because of fractional and isolated nature of analysed subject matter itself.
The research problem chosen by the author of this dissertation is the dialect nomenclature of kitchen utensils. 16 nouns of this kind were analysed. The research goal was to study etymological perspective of the nouns kukshin, pester('), komorg, kochedyk, glyok, tarabarka, boroshnya, yegol, chemeza, panyaga, chechen', kotul', balakir', baklusha, potimalka, kaganets; the tasks of the present research are as follows: а) to explore corresponding realia and comment them from the historic point of view; b) to identify explanations of lexemes' origin in the literature (monographs, articles and dictionaries); c) to categorise and analyse different viewpoints on these issues; d) specify advantages and disadvantages of suggested etymological solutions; e) to offer new etymological solutions.
We resorted to phonetic, word-formation and semantic analysis of the words taking into consideration dialect data in order to achieve the set goal. Besides, semantic analysis has made a considerable impact in defining additional options of lexemes' etymologisation. We also took into account some folklore peculiarities of using these kitchen utensils.
We simultaneously applied different methods of analysing the data: comparative-historical method (internal reconstruction based on the Russian language and external one based on the facts of the Slavic languages); linguistic-geographical, descriptive methods (when we described realities) and others.
The author hopes that having applied these methods she managed to devise workable solutions for etymological problems.